Big Bang Theory mentioned in Quran

The universe was created by a Big Bang. The Quran says that the heavens and the Earth were meshed together, tight and compact.

Have those who disbelieved not considered that the heavens and the earth were a joined entity, and We separated them and made from water every living thing? Then will they not believe?

The big bang is how astronomers explain the way the universe began. It is the idea that the universe began as just a single point, then expanded and stretched to grow as large as it is right now—and it is still stretching!

Read more: What’s This Big Bang All About?

The universe has been expanding ever since the Big Bang.

📖Quran 51:47
We built the universe with ˹great˺ might, and We are certainly expanding ˹it˺ 

Read More: Evidence for the Expanding Universe

According to NASA There are three possibilities how The universe could end: Big Rip, Big Crunch or Big Chill. This leaves the universe with only two possible endings: Big Crunch or Big Chill.

📖81:1-2 | Quran 75:8
When the sun is wrapped up [in darkness] – And when the stars fall, dispersing – And the moon darkens.

According to science another popular scenario for the end of the universe that relies on deciphering the true nature of dark energy is the Big Freeze (also referred to as Heat Death or the Big Chill). In this scenario, the universe continues to expand at an ever-increasing speed. As this happens, the heat is dispersed throughout space while galaxies, stars, and planets are all pulled farther and farther from one another. In the very distant future, intelligent civilizations will look into the sky and think they are alone. Everything will be so far away that the light from distant stars and galaxies can never reach them.

Read more: The Big Freeze: How the universe will die

📔Quran 82:1-2 | Quran 81:1-3
When the sky breaks apart – And when the stars fall, scattering – When the sky has split [open] And has responded to its Lord and was obligated [to do so] And when the earth has been extended.

According to science one day we could reach a moment when planets and everything on them will be torn apart. Then the atomic and molecular forces will be ripped open, electrons splitting from atoms, all the way down to the quarks and anything smaller.

Read More: How the Big Rip could end the world ?

📔Quran 21:104
The Day when We will fold the heaven like the folding of a [written] sheet for the records. As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. [That is] a promise binding upon Us. Indeed, We will do it.

It tells us that the Universe’s expansion, which is due to the Big Bang, will not continue forever. Instead, at a certain point in time, it will stop expanding and collapse into itself, pulling everything with it until it eventually turns into the biggest black hole ever. Well, we all know how everything is squeezed when in that hole. Hence the name Big Crunch.

Read More: The Big Crunch: The End of Our Universe?

Also after this Big Crunch is over, God promises in Quran Verse 21:104 to recreate those heavens and Earth once more before Judgment Day.

📔Quran 36:76-77
Does man not consider that We created him from a [mere] sperm-drop – then at once he is a clear adversary? And he presents for Us an example and forgets his [own] creation. He says, “Who will give life to bones while they are disintegrated?”

📔Quran 36:79-83
Say, “He will give them life who produced them the first time; and He is, of all creation, Knowing – [It is] He who made for you from the green tree, fire, and then from it you ignite. Is not He who created the heavens and the earth Able to create the likes of them? Yes, [it is so]; and He is the Knowing Creator. His command is only when He intends a thing that He says to it, “Be,” and it is.

📔Quran 36:83
So exalted is He in whose hand is the realm of all things, and to Him you will be returned.

📔Quran 14:49-51
And you will see the criminals that Day bound together in shackles, Their garments of liquid pitch and their faces covered by the Fire. So that Allah will recompense every soul for what it earned. Indeed, Allah is swift in account.

📔Quran 14:52
This [Qur’an] is notification for the people that they may be warned thereby and that they may know that He is but one God and that those of understanding will be reminded.

📔Quran 21:104
The Day when We will fold the heaven like the folding of a [written] sheet for the records. As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. [That is] a promise binding upon Us. Indeed, We will do it.

The simplest version of the inflationary theory, an extension of the Big Bang theory, predicts that the density of the universe is very close to the critical density, and that the geometry of the universe is flat, like a sheet of paper.