Hadith on Eid: Prohibition of Fasting on Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha

📖Sahih Muslim 1137
Abu Ubaid, the freed slave of Ibn Azhar, reported: I observed Id along with Umar b. al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him). He came (out in an open space) and prayed and (after) completing it addressed the people and said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) has forbidden the observing of fast on these two days. One is the day of Fitr (at the end of your fasts), and the second one, the day when you eat (the meat) of your sacrifices.

This hadith from, Sahih Muslim 1137, carries the following meanings and lessons:

  1. Prohibition of fasting on Eid al-Fitr: The hadith confirms that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) prohibited fasting on the day of Eid al-Fitr. This teaches Muslims that Eid is a time of celebration and gratitude for the completion of Ramadan, and fasting on this day is not recommended. It encourages Muslims to participate in communal prayers, engage in festivities, and enjoy the blessings of the occasion.
  2. Prohibition of fasting on the day of animal sacrifice: The hadith also highlights the prohibition of fasting on the day when Muslims consume the meat from their animal sacrifices during Eid al-Adha. This emphasizes the importance of partaking in the rituals and festivities associated with Eid al-Adha, rather than observing a fast. It encourages Muslims to share in the joy of the occasion, perform the required acts of worship, and distribute the sacrificial meat to those in need.
  3. Importance of following the Prophet’s guidance: Umar ibn al-Khattab’s statement in the hadith underscores the significance of adhering to the teachings and instructions of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). It demonstrates the role of the companions in transmitting the Prophet’s guidance to subsequent generations. Muslims are reminded to follow the example set by the Prophet and his companions in matters of worship, including fasting and celebrations.

Overall, this hadith teaches Muslims the specific days on which fasting is discouraged and celebrations are encouraged. It emphasizes the balance between acts of worship and joyful commemorations in Islam, reminding believers to appreciate and observe the festivities associated with Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. It also highlights the importance of following the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his companions in matters of religious practice.