Hadith on Prayers: The Obligation of the Five Daily Prayers

📖Sunan Abi Dawud 425
Narrated Abdullah ibn Sunabihi: AbuMuhammad fancies that witr prayer is essential. (Hearing this) Ubadah ibn as-Samit said: AbuMuhammad was wrong. I bear witness that I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: Allah, the Exalted, has made five prayers obligatory. If anyone performs ablution for them well, offers them at their (right) time, and observes perfectly their bowing and submissiveness in them, it is the guarantee of Allah that He will pardon him; if anyone does not do so, there is no guarantee for him on the part of Allah; He may pardon him if He wills, and punish him if He wills.

  • This hadith (narration) you mentioned is found in Sunan Abi Dawud, a collection of hadiths compiled by Abu Dawud. In this narration, Abdullah ibn Sunabihi reports that Abu Muhammad believed that the Witr prayer was mandatory, while Ubadah ibn as-Samit disagreed and corrected him by saying that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had stated that Allah has made five daily prayers obligatory. Ubadah ibn as-Samit then goes on to quote the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), who said that whoever performs the five daily prayers with proper ablution, at their designated times, and with proper bowing and submissiveness, will be guaranteed forgiveness from Allah. On the other hand, if someone neglects any of these aspects of the prayers, there is no guarantee of forgiveness, and Allah may choose to either pardon or punish them as He sees fit.