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Slavery in Pre-Islamic Arabia – The truth about Slavery

In pre-Islamic Arabs the pagans were sacrificing their own children to idols, The human sacrifice still exist in india read the news articles 👇

Child killed for ‘human sacrifice to Lord Shiva’ in South Delhi

Man allegedly hacked youth to death as human sacrifice after birth of male child

Man kills 12-year-old sister in sacrifice to goddess of war

Human sacrifice in Orissa sends shock waves across the state, throughout India

There are thousands of such cases in India which are happening even today.

So in pre Islamic Arabia at that time the Arabs had no respect/value for women, especially in pre Islamic Arabs where if any child was born in poor family they sells their children’s, Many children have been sold into slavery in the past for their family to repay debts or crimes or earn some money if the family were short of cash, specially if the child is a daughter, and we don’t need to learn this information from any historical sources because such commandments are mentioned in the Jewish & Christians Holy Bible, where stated that you can sell your own daughters, therefore that time many Jewish where lived in Arabs so they also obeyed their Corrupted Bible And they used to sell each other’s sons as slaves.

Referance : BIBLICAL RULES FOR SELLING YOUR DAUGHTERS AS SEX SLAVES 👇

📖Exodus 21:7-11
WHEN A MAN SELLS HIS DAUGHTER AS A SLAVE, she shall not go out as the male slaves do. If she does not please her master, who has designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has broken faith with her. If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter. If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights. And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.

SLAVE TRADING / INDENTURED SERVANT

📖Exodus 21:1-3
“Now these are the rules that you shall set before them. WHEN YOU BUY A HEBREW SLAVE, he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go out free, for nothing. If he comes in single, he shall go out single; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him. If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master’s, and he shall go out alone. But if the slave plainly says, ‘I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free.

📖Leviticus 25:44-46
As for your male and female slaves whom you may have: YOU MAY BUY MALE AND FEMALE SLAVES FROM AMONG THE NATIONS THAT ARE AROUND YOU. You may also buy from among the strangers who sojourn with you and their clans that are with you, who have been born in your land, and they may be your property. You may bequeath them to your sons after you to inherit as a possession forever. You may make slaves of them, but over your brothers the people of Israel you shall not rule, one over another ruthlessly.

BIBLICAL RULES / CONTRACT AGREEMENT BETWEEN SLAVES AND MASTERS

📖1 Peter 2:18
Servants, be subject to your masters with all respect, not only to the good and gentle but also to the unjust.

📖Ephesians 6:5
Slaves, obey your earthly masters with fear and trembling, with a sincere heart, as you would Christ

📖Colossians 3:22
Slaves, obey in everything those who are your earthly masters, not by way of eye-service, as people-pleasers, but with sincerity of heart, fearing the Lord.

📖Titus 2:9-10
Slaves are to be submissive to their own masters in everything; they are to be well-pleasing, not argumentative, not pilfering, but showing all good faith, so that in everything they may adorn the doctrine of God our Savior.

📖Exodus 21:20-21
“When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be avenged. But if the slave survives a day or two, he is not to be avenged, for the slave is his money.

📖Exodus 21:26-27
When a man strikes the eye of his slave, male or female, and destroys it, he shall let the slave go free because of his eye. If he knocks out the tooth of his slave, male or female, he shall let the slave go free because of his tooth.

There are many other verses where slavery is mentioned in the Bible & Jesus has nothing said about slavery because Jesus did not come to change the law of the Prophets rather he come to fulfill them and Jesus himself obeyed the old testament but When Jesus ascended to heaven, the apostle Paul come with his gospel and he wrote some new verses about slavery, which I have mentioned in my article from the New Testament, all the verses are still a commandment for both Christians and Jews till today and it is legal according to the Bible.

When Prophet Muhammad Arrived, there were many causes of slavery, such as warfare, debt (where if the debtor could not pay off his debt, he became a slave), kidnapping and raids, and poverty and need. Slavery did not spread in this appalling manner throughout all continents except by means of kidnapping; rather the main source of slaves in Europe and America in later centuries was this method.

The texts of Islam took a strong stance against this. It says in a hadith 👇

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 2227
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Allah says, ‘I will be against three persons on the Day of Resurrection: -1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous. -2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price, -3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.

📖Sahih Muslim 1657
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: He who beats a slave without cognizable offence of his or slaps him (without any serious fault), then expiation for it is that he should set him free.

Abu Dharr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said 👇

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 30
The Prophet said, Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put them under your command. So whoever has a brother under his command should feed him of what he eats and dress him of what he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond their capacity (power) and if you do so, then help them.

📖Sahih Muslim 1509 b
Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, He who emancipates a slave, Allah will set free from Hell.

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 5649
Narrated Abu Muisa Al-Ash`ari:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Feed the hungry, visit the sick, and set free the captives.

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 30
Narrated Al-Ma’rur:
At Ar-Rabadha I met Abu Dhar who was wearing a cloak, and his slave, too, was wearing a similar one. I asked about the reason for it. He replied, “I abused a person by calling his mother with bad names.” The Prophet said to me, ‘O Abu Dhar! Did you abuse him by calling his mother with bad names You still have some characteristics of ignorance. Your slaves are your brothers and Allah has put them under your command. So whoever has a brother under his command should feed him of what he eats and dress him of what he wears. Do not ask them (slaves) to do things beyond their capacity (power) and if you do so, then help them.

Here the final commandments about slavery in islam. 👇

📖Quran 90:7-13
Does he think that no one has seen him? Have We not made for him two eyes? – And have shown him the two ways? – But he has not broken through the difficult pass, And what can make you know what is [breaking through] the difficult pass? It is the freeing of a slave.

The Quran and Islam have always advocated for the freeing of slaves. This is evident from the verses.

📖Quran 9:60
Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise.

Quran has stated the freeing of slaves as one of the definitions of Charity.

📖Quran 2:177
Sahih International
Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous.

📖Quran 24:33
And those who cannot afford marriage should keep themselves chaste until Allah enriches them out of His grace. And those of your slaves who wish to enter the contract of Kitābah (emancipation by paying money), contract Kitābah with them, if you recognize some good in them. And give them out of the wealth of Allah that He has given to you. And do not compel your maids to prostitution – if they wish to observe chastity – in order that you may seek the temporary benefit of the worldly life. If one compels them, then after their being compelled, Allah is Most-Forgiving, Very-Merciful.

The ruling in regards to this verse pertains to the command of Allah to the master, to free slave(s). It is stated in the Surah that if any good is found in slaves and they ask for their freedom they should write a contract in order for the slave to obtain his freedom. The contract would have been written between the master and slave, they would have to agree between each other the sum that is paid. Once the contract is signed, the Muslim treasury was ordered to take money from the Zakat funds to the master in order to free the slave. but if anyone gose against this Quran verse and they do something wrong only for temporarily worldly enjoyment, So Allah will forgive him who has been forced, because it is not the fault of those slaves because they have been forced & that is against the command of God, and whoever does something wrong, And if he is not punished in this world, then God will judge him on the Day of Judgment.

  • If there has been a war and the army has attacked their enemies country and some people have been killed in the war and the rest have been taken over by the army, then these verses of the Qur’an, including the hadith, are still applicable today, according to Sahih Muslim 1744 b the Prophet forbidden killing any child & woman in war, If your enemy is attacking you and you have no option and you have also attacked them and then some of the women and children were died on the war then it is a different matter, It is compulsion, if someone comes to kill your family & if you have no option to save your family, then you have to attack them too, so in Islam such thing is forgiven or if something you had done by mistake and you have apologized to God, but deliberately killing any women and children in war is not allowed in Islam.

Was the Prophet Muhammad a slave owner & dealer ?

The Prophet came when societies all over the world were full of slavery, therefore because of this the companies of the Prophet they also started the slave trade so that those who were selling those men women & children, they should buy them and sell them to such people who can take good care of them, until the revelation came completely, the slavery that existed among the arabs where people are selling and buying those men women & children, so at that period the Prophet and his companies also started buying and selling on a slightly different basis, so that no one can sell those men women & children to the wrong people. Islam humanized slaves and gave them rights, instead of viewing them as merely sub-human races, property, or ‘commodities.’ Slaves were ‘brothers’ and ‘sisters’ in the family of faith, partners entitled to equality with their masters in terms of food and clothing; they were not to be harmed in any way. Islam abolished slavery systematically and realistically. Europe and America continued to isolate people from Africa even centuries after Muslim society was completely freed from slavery.

Is slavery banned in Islam ?

No, Slavery is not banned in islam according to Quran and Hadith & the reason is that if there is a war or if it ever happens like it happened in pre-Islamic Arabia or in other countries before year 1920 so in Islam we have been told that we should follow the commandment of the Quran and hadith and if it’s happens in future & According to Islam It also depends whether the person you are capturing is a good person or wrong, if someone is a good person then it can be free but if the person is a enemy then there is differents Sharia law in Islam. Islam encouraged the freedom and good behavior of slaves, with the clear aim of eventual abolition. Islam has always opposed the slave trade, abuse, dehumanization and racism, Sinces Slavery is not in vogue nowadays, this does not apply today.