Chapti Dharti In Hinduism
Chapti Dharti” चपटी धरती in Hinduism refers to the concept of a flat Earth. According to this belief, the Earth is perceived as a flat, disc-shaped surface rather than a spherical planet. In Hindu scriptures, such as the Vedas, Puranas, and other sacred texts, there are references to various cosmological ideas. Some of these texts do depict the Earth as a flat surface. For instance, in certain passages of the Vedas and Puranas, the Earth is described as “Dharani Mandala,” meaning a circular plane resembling a lotus flower or a disc (Mandala) with concentric rings. This circular plane is often considered to be flat.
Here is an example of a Verses from Hindu scriptures that describes the Earth as flat:
Earth has four corners
📖Atharva Veda 15.7.1
He, having become moving majesty, went to the ends of the earth.
📖Satapatha Brahman 220.127.116.11
Now this earth is four-cornered, for the quarters are her corners: hence the bricks are four-cornered; for all the bricks are after the manner of this earth.
📖Atharva Veda 20.88.1
Him who with might hath propped earth’s ends –
Puranas Also Says That Vishnu Flattened The Earth
📖Padma Purana 1.3.55
The beginningless supreme being, then having flattened the earth, piled the mountains on it according to (its) divisions.”
📖Rig Veda 10.58.3
Thy spirit, that went far away, away to the four cornered eart
📖Shiva Purana Section 7.1 – Vāyavīya-saṃhitā Chapter 11Verses 35-35
The Boar (Vishnu) brought the earth to its own place. It then assumed his natural form and fixed it there. He levelled (Flat) the earth, fixed the mountains and set up the four worlds on the earth as before.
📖Padma Purana Section 1 Chapter 19 Verses 166-171 O you creator of the worlds, you are the protector and creator of us and (also) of the worlds. This flat world will be elevated by your favour.” The great one being (thus) adored by the gods when the chief Gandharvas were shouting (joyfully), and being showered upon with flowers, made the great ocean void of water.
📖Mahabharata Book 5: Udyoga Parva Bhagwat Yana Parva 76 Behold, O Krishna, these–the firmament and the earth–which are immovable.
- In Mahabharata, this verse states that the firmament (sky) and the earth are described as immovable. However, according to scientific understanding, the Earth and the sky are in motion. The Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the Sun, while the sky appears to move due to the Earth’s rotation.
Vedic Earth Is Supported By Four (4) Elephants And A Tortise
📖Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 5 Text 39
On the top of Lokāloka Mountain are the four gaja-patis, the best of elephants, which were established in the four directions by Lord Brahmā, the supreme spiritual master of the entire universe. The names of those elephants are Ṛṣabha, Puṣkaracūḍa, Vāmana and Aparājita. They are responsible for maintaining the planetary systems of the universe.
📖Ramayana Book 1, Sarga 41, Verse 7 & 11 – “And he that resplendent Amshuman beheld one of the four directional elephant of the earth which is being venerated by gods, monsters, demons, imps, vultures and serpents…. All the elephants that safeguard the directions of earth which have the faculties of articulation and eloquence have adored Amshuman and motivated him by saying, ‘you will be going from here taking the horse.’
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