Hadith on Duties: Brotherhood, Detachment, and Balance

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 1968
Narrated Abu Juhaifa: The Prophet (ﷺ) made a bond of brotherhood between Salman and Abu Ad-Darda.’ Salman paid a visit to Abu Ad-Darda’ and found Um Ad-Darda’ dressed in shabby clothes and asked her why she was in that state. She replied, “Your brother Abu Ad-Darda’ is not interested in (the luxuries of) this world.” In the meantime Abu Ad-Darda’ came and prepared a meal for Salman. Salman requested Abu Ad- Darda’ to eat (with him), but Abu Ad-Darda’ said, “I am fasting.” Salman said, “I am not going to eat unless you eat.” So, Abu Ad-Darda’ ate (with Salman). When it was night and (a part of the night passed), Abu Ad-Darda’ got up (to offer the night prayer), but Salman told him to sleep and Abu Ad- Darda’ slept. After sometime Abu Ad-Darda’ again got up but Salman told him to sleep. When it was the last hours of the night, Salman told him to get up then, and both of them offered the prayer. Salman told Abu Ad-Darda’, “Your Lord has a right on you, your soul has a right on you, and your family has a right on you; so you should give the rights of all those who has a right on you.” Abu Ad- Darda’ came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and narrated the whole story. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Salman has spoken the truth.”

From this hadith, we can learn the following lessons:

  1. Importance of brotherhood: The hadith highlights the bond of brotherhood established between Salman and Abu Ad-Darda’ by the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). It emphasizes the significance of fostering strong relationships and support among Muslims, treating one another as family.
  2. Detachment from worldly luxuries: Abu Ad-Darda’ chose to live a simple and humble life, foregoing worldly luxuries. His focus was on the spiritual realm and prioritizing his relationship with Allah over material possessions.
  3. Compassion and concern for others: Salman showed genuine care and concern for Abu Ad-Darda’ and his family’s well-being. He noticed their situation and took action to address their needs, offering support and companionship.
  4. Encouragement to fulfill obligations: Salman reminded Abu Ad-Darda’ of his obligations towards Allah, his own soul, and his family. He encouraged him to balance his religious duties while taking care of his responsibilities towards others.
  5. Seeking moderation and balance: Salman guided Abu Ad-Darda’ to maintain a balanced approach to worship and rest. He advised him to prioritize his well-being and get sufficient sleep before engaging in nighttime prayers.
  6. Validating the truth: The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) affirmed the truthfulness of Salman’s actions and words, confirming that Salman had spoken the truth. This highlights the importance of truthfulness and sincerity in interpersonal interactions.

Overall, this hadith emphasizes the significance of brotherhood, detachment from worldly distractions, compassion for others, fulfilling obligations, seeking balance, and the value of truthfulness. It encourages Muslims to support and care for one another, prioritize spiritual well-being, and maintain a balanced lifestyle.