📖Jami` at-Tirmidhi 616
Sulaim bin Amir narrated: “I heard Abu Umamah saying: I heard the Messenger of Allah giving a Khutbah during the Farewell Hajj, and he said: ‘Have Taqwa of your Lord, and pray your five (prayers), and fast your month, and pay the Zakat on your wealth, and obey thosewho are in charge of you, you will enter the Paradise of your Lord.'” He said: “I said to Abu Umamah: ‘How old were you when you heard this Hadith (from the Messenger of Allah)?’ He said: ‘I heard it when I was thirty years old.'”
From this hadith (narration) from Jami` at-Tirmidhi, we can draw several lessons and teachings:
- Importance of Taqwa: The hadith begins with the instruction to have Taqwa, which can be translated as “God-consciousness” or “piety.” It highlights the significance of being mindful of Allah and maintaining a righteous and obedient lifestyle.
- Obligatory acts of worship: The Prophet Muhammad emphasized the importance of fulfilling the religious obligations. The narration mentions the five daily prayers, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and giving Zakat (charitable alms) on one’s wealth as essential acts of worship in Islam.
- Obedience to authority: The hadith advises Muslims to obey those in positions of authority or leadership. This includes following the laws and regulations set by legitimate leaders within the bounds of Islamic teachings.
- Promise of Paradise: The hadith concludes with the mention of entering the Paradise of Allah by practicing Taqwa, fulfilling the obligatory acts of worship, and obeying authority. It serves as an encouragement for Muslims to strive for righteousness and offers the hope of eternal reward.
Overall, this hadith emphasizes the core teachings of Islam, such as maintaining Taqwa, fulfilling religious obligations, practicing obedience, and striving for Paradise. It encourages Muslims to lead a balanced and conscientious life in accordance with the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad.