Hadith on Ismail: Lineage of Prophet Muhammad

📖Sahih Muslim 2276
Wathila b. al-Asqa’ reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: Verily Allah granted eminence to Kinana from amongst the descendants of Isma’il, and he granted eminence to the Quraish amongst Kinana, and he granted eminence to Banu Hashim amonsgst the Quraish, and he granted me eminence from the tribe of Banu Hashim.

According to the narration, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said that Allah (God) granted eminence and distinction to various tribes and individuals within the Arab community. The narration highlights the following points:

  1. Allah granted eminence to Kinana: Kinana is a tribe descended from Isma’il (Ishmael), who was the son of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham). This means that Kinana’s lineage traces back to Prophet Ibrahim, which is considered a position of honor and distinction.
  2. Allah granted eminence to the Quraish among Kinana: Quraish is a sub-tribe of Kinana, and they were given a higher rank and status among the Kinana tribe. The Quraish were known for their leadership and influence in the Arabian Peninsula during the time of Prophet Muhammad.
  3. Allah granted eminence to Banu Hashim among the Quraish: Banu Hashim is a specific clan within the Quraish tribe, and they were given even greater eminence and honor among the Quraish. This means that they held a prestigious position within the Quraish tribe.
  4. Allah granted eminence to Prophet Muhammad from the tribe of Banu Hashim: Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, belonged to the Banu Hashim clan. This narration states that he was granted eminence and distinction within his own clan, further highlighting his unique status and importance.

Overall, this hadith emphasizes the lineage and noble background of Prophet Muhammad, tracing his ancestry back to Prophet Ibrahim through the tribes of Kinana, Quraish, and Banu Hashim. It underscores the significance and special position granted to Prophet Muhammad by Allah.