Hadith on Scriptures: The Prophet Advice on Previous Scriptures

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 4485
Narrated Abu Huraira: The people of the Scripture (Jews) used to recite the Torah in Hebrew and they used to explain it in Arabic to the Muslims. On that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Do not believe the people of the Scripture or disbelieve them, but say:– “We believe in Allah and what is revealed to us.” (2.136)

  • This hadith highlights the issue of interpretation and potential variations in the Jewish Scripture, the Torah. It suggests that there may be differences in how the Jews understand and explain their Scripture, possibly leading to divergent interpretations or the existence of multiple versions. However, despite these challenges, it acknowledges that there is still a possibility of truth within the Torah.
  • The text emphasizes the balanced approach Muslims should take regarding the Torah. Rather than blindly accepting or rejecting it, they are encouraged to neither believe nor disbelieve in it outright. Instead, Muslims are advised to affirm their belief in what Allah has revealed to the previous prophets and in the Qur’an, which is considered the ultimate and final revelation. This passage underscores the importance of critical thinking and discernment when encountering religious texts or interpretations. It recognizes the potential validity and truth in the Torah while prioritizing adherence to the Qur’an as the definitive source of guidance for Muslims.