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Hadith on Suicide: The Punishment for Suicide in Islam

📖Sahih Muslim 109 a
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) observed: He who killed himself with steel (weapon) would be the eternal denizen of the Fire of Hell and he would have that weapon in his hand and would be thrusting that in his stomach for ever and ever, he who drank poison and killed himself would sip that in the Fire of Hell where he is doomed for ever and ever; and he who killed himself by falling from (the top of) a mountain would constantly fall in the Fire of Hell and would live there for ever and ever.

  • This hadith of Sahih Muslim 109 a narrates the words of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) regarding the punishment for those who commit suicide. According to the hadith, anyone who kills themselves using a weapon, poison, or by falling from a mountain will be punished with eternal damnation in the Fire of Hell. The hadith states that they will continue to experience the same pain and suffering that they inflicted upon themselves in this life. For example, the one who killed themselves with a weapon will have that same weapon in their hand, and they will keep thrusting it into their stomach for eternity. Islamic scholars understand suicide as an act of rebellion against the will of Allah, who alone has the right to determine the length and quality of a person’s life. Therefore, it is seen as a major sin in Islam. The hadith warns against the severe consequences of taking one’s life and emphasizes the gravity of the sin. However, it is important to note that Allah is the ultimate judge of people’s actions and intentions, and it is not up to us to determine their fate in the Hereafter. Islamic teachings also emphasize compassion, empathy, and understanding towards those who may be struggling with mental health issues or other life challenges. It is encouraged to provide support and resources for those who are struggling, and to seek help for oneself if experiencing suicidal thoughts or feelings.