Hadith on Supplication: Ablution and Dua before Sleeping

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 6311
Narrated Al-Bara bin `Azib: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said to me, “When you want to go to bed, perform ablution as you do for prayer, then lie down on your right side and say: ‘Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, wa fawwadtu ‘amri ilaika wa alja’tu dhahri ilaika, raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika, la malja’a wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Amantu bikitabik al-ladhi anzalta wa binabiyyika al-ladhi arsalta’. If you should die then (after reciting this) you will die on the religion of Islam (i.e., as a Muslim); so let these words be the last you say (before going to bed)” While I was memorizing it, I said, “Wa birasulika al-ladhi arsalta (in Your Apostle whom You have sent).’ The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “No, but say: Wa binabiyyika al-ladhi arsalta (in Your Prophet whom You have sent).

  • This hadith mentioned in Sahih al-Bukhari 6311 highlights the importance of performing ablution before going to bed and the significance of reciting a specific dua (supplication) before sleeping. Performing ablution (wudu) is an act of purification in Islam, which involves washing certain body parts such as the face, hands, arms, feet, and mouth. It is a prerequisite for offering prayer (salah) and is also recommended before reciting the Qur’an, making dua, and sleeping. The act of performing ablution helps to purify the body and soul, and it is believed to have a calming effect on the mind. The dua mentioned in the hadith is a supplication that seeks Allah’s protection and guidance, and it affirms one’s faith in Allah, His Book (Qur’an), and His Prophet (Muhammad ﷺ). It also acknowledges one’s complete submission and surrender to Allah’s will. Reciting this dua before sleeping is considered an act of worship that helps to purify one’s heart and mind, strengthens one’s faith, and provides a sense of comfort and protection. It is also believed that if one were to die in their sleep after reciting this dua, they would die as a Muslim and enter paradise. Therefore, this hadith emphasizes the importance of cleanliness and purification in Islam, both in terms of physical cleanliness through ablution and spiritual cleanliness through supplication and faith.