And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know.
In this verse, it becomes clear that Satan did not achieve victory despite his temptation of Adam and Eve. The verse emphasizes that it was God’s intentional plan to create Adam as the successive authority on Earth. By creating Adam for this purpose, God establishes His ultimate authority and design, proving Satan’s efforts to be ultimately futile. This verse serves as a reminder of God’s sovereignty and His unwavering control over His divine plan, ensuring that Satan’s schemes are thwarted in the grand scheme of creation.
He ( ALLAH ) created Him from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and he was.
And We have certainly created you, [O Mankind], and given you [human] form. Then We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was not of those who prostrated.
[So mention] when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay. So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration. So the angels prostrated – all of them entirely.
And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, “Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority.” They said, “Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” Allah said, “Indeed, I know that which you do not know. And He taught Adam the names – all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, “Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful, They said, “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise, He said, “O Adam, inform them of their names.” And when he had informed them of their names, He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen [aspects] of the heavens and the earth? And I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.”
O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.
Eve’s Creation: From Adam’s Rib
📖Sahih al-Bukhari 5185; Sahih Muslim 8:3468
O Muslims! I advise you to be gentle with women, for they are created from a rib, and the most crooked portion of the rib is its upper part. If you try to straighten it, it will break, and if you leave it, it will remain crooked; so I urge you to take care of the women.
And We said, “O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.
So We said, “O Adam, indeed this is an enemy to you and to your wife. Then let him not remove you from Paradise so you would suffer.
But Satan whispered to them to make apparent to them that which was concealed from them of their private parts. He said, “Your Lord did not forbid you this tree except that you become angels or become of the immortal.
Seeking Divine Mercy: Adam and Eve’s Sincere Repentance
They said, “Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.
- The story of Adam and Eve in the Quran teaches the virtue of repentance and supplication. Adam and Eve recognized their errors and prayed for forgiveness. This, in turn, earned them Allah’s forgiveness and guidance. 👇
Then his Lord chose him and turned to him in forgiveness and guided [him].
Accepted Repentance: God’s Consolation to Adam
Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.
[ Allah ] said, “Descend, being to one another enemies. And for you on the earth is a place of settlement and enjoyment for a time, He said, “Therein you will live, and therein you will die, and from it you will be brought forth.”
- The meaning of this verse is that God has granted free will to all people, and God is aware that some may choose to reject Him and cause animosity towards each other. This responsibility lies with humanity and Satan, even though God is aware of it. This verse conveys a message from God to humanity, reminding us of our duty to preserve peace and tranquility, despite the difficulties we may encounter.
We said, “Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve. And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs – those will be companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.
O Children of Israel, remember My favor which I have bestowed upon you and fulfill My covenant [upon you] that I will fulfill your covenant [from Me], and be afraid of [only] Me. And believe in what I have sent down confirming that which is [already] with you, and be not the first to disbelieve in it. And do not exchange My signs for a small price, and fear [only] Me.
And [Remember] when your Lord took from the children of Adam – from their loins – their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], “Am I not your Lord?” They said, “Yes, we have testified.” [This] – lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, “Indeed, we were of this unaware. Or [lest] you say, “It was only that our fathers associated [others in worship] with Allah before, and we were but descendants after them. Then would You destroy us for what the falsifiers have done? And thus do We [explain in] detail the verses, and perhaps they will return.
And they ask you, [O Muhammad], about the soul. Say, “The soul is of the affair of my Lord. And mankind have not been given of knowledge except a little.”
- Furthermore, Adam is informed by God that he and his progeny will be sent guidance during their time on Earth. In contrast, Satan, unlike Adam, had not begged for forgiveness and had instead requested respite: a chance to mislead and reveal the inadequacy of mankind. God facilitated this request, but warned that Satan would be powerless over the believers. Therefore, in the Quran, Adam, Eve, and Satan are all sent down to Earth. On Earth, Adam (pbuh) assumes the role as the first Prophet and the father of mankind.
Lessons from the Story of Adam and Eve
There are many valuable lessons to be extracted from the experiences of the people in the Quran. From the story of Adam and Eve one learns that pride and arrogance is the key to loss and destruction. Further lessons include the value of acknowledging errors, the virtue of repenting, and the power of supplication. The test in paradise was an essential lesson that demonstrated freewill. To be able to live on earth, Adam and Eve learned about the devil’s deception, the consequences of sin, and the Mercy of the Creator.
In Islam, God possesses omniscience, having knowledge of all things, including the actions of Satan. Satan’s forthcoming actions are within God’s comprehensive knowledge. However, it is important to understand that these actions are not a violation of free will but rather part of God’s intricate plan. God, in His wisdom, granted free will to Satan, who unfortunately chose to exercise his autonomy by defying God’s command. It is crucial to note that even if Satan had made a different choice, God’s intention to create Adam and populate the Earth with humanity would have remained unaffected. Therefore, Satan’s disobedience did not alter God’s purpose to send humanity to the Earth.