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Who is Holy Spirit in Quran ?

📖Quran 16:102
Say, [O Muhammad], “The Holy Spirit [i.e., Gabriel] has brought it down from your Lord in truth to make firm those who believe and as guidance and good tidings to the Muslims.

📖Quran 26:193
The Trustworthy Spirit [i.e., Gabriel] has brought it down.

📖Quran 2:97-99
Say, “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel – it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur’an down upon your heart, [O Muhammad], by permission of Allah , confirming that which was before it and as guidance and good tidings for the believers, Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His messengers and Gabriel and Michael – then indeed, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers, And We have certainly revealed to you verses [which are] clear proofs, and no one would deny them except the defiantly disobedient.

📖Quran 2:87
And We did certainly give Moses the Torah and followed up after him with messengers. And We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and supported him with the Pure Spirit. But is it [not] that every time a messenger came to you, [O Children of Israel], with what your souls did not desire, you were arrogant? And a party [of messengers] you denied and another party you killed.

📖Quran 81-19-25
[That] indeed, the Qur’an is a word [conveyed by] a noble messenger – [Who is] possessed of power and with the Owner of the Throne, secure [in position], Obeyed there [in the heavens] and trustworthy, And your companion is not [at all] mad. And he has already seen Gabriel in the clear horizon. And Muhammad is not a withholder of [knowledge of] the unseen. And the Qur’an is not the word of a devil, expelled [from the heavens].

📖Quran 66:4
If you two [wives] repent to Allah , [it is best], for your hearts have deviated. But if you cooperate against him – then indeed Allah is his protector, and Gabriel and the righteous of the believers and the angels, moreover, are [his] assistants.

As interpreted to refer to the Archangel Gabriel. The term Rūḥ al-Qudus is also an epithet referring to the Archangel Gabriel, who is related as the Angel of revelation and was assigned by God to reveal the Qurʼan to the prophet Muhammad and who delivered the Annunciation to Mary. In the two suras in which the Qur’an refers to the angel Gabriel, it does so by name.(Quran 2:97–98, Quran 66:4 ) However, some ahadith and parts of the Qurʼan may arguably lend support to the alternative view.

📖Quran 19:16-21
And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east. And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then We sent to her Our Spirit/Angel [i.e., Gabriel], and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man. And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. He said, “I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy [i.e., son].She said, “How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?”He said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.

It appears to be indicated by the Quran in sura Maryam, ayat 16–21, that it was the angel Gabriel who gave to Mary the tidings that she was to have a son as a virgin.

📖Quran 2:253
Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.

This is not limited only to the Messiah; others were also supported in this way.

Releted: Holy Spirit not a Part of Trinity

Reference to the ‘Holy Spirit’ in the Sunnah

📖Sahih Muslim 2490
A’isha reported that: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying to Hassin: Verily Ruh-ul- Qudus would continue to help you so long as you put up a defence on behalf of Allah and His Messenger.

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 453
Narrated Hassan bin Thabit Al-Ansari:
I asked Abu Huraira “By Allah! Tell me the truth whether you heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying, ‘O Hassan! Reply on behalf of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ). O Allah! Help him with the Holy Spirit.” Abu Huraira said, “Yes .

The majority of scholars said that this refers to Gabriel (peace be upon him), and that Allah called him al-Ruh al-Ameen, Ruh al-Qudus and Gabriel.

The spirit is creation of God

📖Psalm 104:30
New International Version
When you send your Spirit, they are created, and you renew the face of the ground.

📖Psalm 104:4
He God makes the spirits his messengers, flames of fire his servants.

Angels are called “spirits” or “winds”, Psalm 104:4 they are created spirits (Psalm 104:30) the angels also called Messengers malak and so differ from God; are incorporeal ones, and so differ from men; and are immaterial and immortal, and so die not: they are spiritual subsistences, and spirits of the heavens, or heavenly spirits.

📖Riyad as-Salihin 1846
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Angels were created from light, jinns were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and ‘Adam was created from that which you have been told (i.e., sounding clay like the clay of pottery).

In Islamic traditions, the angels are described as being created from incorporeal light (Nur)

📖Zechariah 6:5
The angel answered me, “These are the four spirits of heaven, going out from standing in the presence of the Lord of the whole world.

If the spirit is a manifestation of God Himself, as Christians put it, then how are there four manifestations of God standing in the presence of God, and then going out from His presence? So the Book of Zechariah clearly indicates that spirits are entities other than God. The interpretation of four angels makes much more sense here. Many respectable Bible commentaries interpret the four spirits (‘ruwach’) as four angels. For instance, Scofield Reference Notes states in its commentary on Zechariah 6:5: That which is symbolized by the four chariots with their horses is not the four world-empires of Daniel, but ‘the four spirits of heaven which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth…’ These ‘spirits’ are angels. The commentary Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible agrees: These are the four spirits of the heavens – They cannot be literal winds: for spirits, not winds, stand before God, as His servants, as in Job 1:6 , ‘the sons of God [angels] came to present themselves before the Lord.

Zechariah 6:5 standing in the presence of the Lord ?

📖Luke 1:19
The angel said to him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news.

Here in luke 1:19 archangel Gabriel stand in the presence of God, Zachariah Verse 6:5 it is written 4 spirits stand presence of the Lord, including the Archangel Gabriel, which we see in Luke 1:19, And am sent … – The angels are “ministering spirits” sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation,” Hebrews 1:7, Hebrews 1:14 They delight to do the will of God,