Who is the Holy Spirit in Islam
In Islam, the Holy Spirit (Arabic: الروح القدس, ar-Ruh al-Qudus) is generally referred to as the “Angel Gabriel.” Gabriel is considered one of the main angels in Islam and is believed to have been the medium through which Allah revealed the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad. Gabriel is also considered to be the angel who brought Allah’s message to other prophets in Islam, including the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham), Prophet Isa (Jesus), and Prophet Musa (Moses).
The Holy Spirit is mentioned several times in the Quran. Some relevant verses include:
Say, [O Muhammad], “The Holy Spirit [i.e., referred to as the power of Archangel Gabriel, is another name for Gabriel according to Quran 2:97-99] has brought it down from your Lord in truth to make firm those who believe and as guidance and good tidings to the Muslims.
- This verse is from the Quran and refers to the descent of divine revelations upon the Prophet Muhammad through the intermediary of the archangel Gabriel. The Holy Spirit referred to in this verse is the power of Gabriel and another name for Gabriel but the power is not a separate entity from Gabriel, which means that Gabriel is the Holy Spirit. In Islam, these revelations were brought down to provide guidance and support for those who believe in Allah, and to bring good news to the Muslims. The revelations were also intended to reinforce the faith of those who believe and to provide a source of truth.
The Trustworthy Spirit [i.e., Gabrie Quran 2:97-99] has brought it down.
- This verse is from the Quran and refers to the descent of divine revelations upon the Prophet Muhammad through the intermediary of the archangel Gabriel. In Islam, Gabriel was the angel chosen by Allah to communicate revelations to the Prophet, and so this verse is highlighting the trustworthiness and reliability of the source of these revelations.
Say, “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel – it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur’an down upon your heart, [O Muhammad], by permission of Allah, confirming that which was before it and as guidance and good tidings for the believers, Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His messengers and Gabriel and Michael – then indeed, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers, And We have certainly revealed to you verses [which are] clear proofs, and no one would deny them except the defiantly disobedient.
- These verses are from the Quran and emphasize the significance of the revelations brought down to the Prophet Muhammad through the intermediary of the archangel Gabriel. The verses state that anyone who is an enemy of Gabriel is also an enemy of Allah and His angels, messengers, and other archangels like Michael. The Quran is described as having been brought down upon the heart of the Prophet Muhammad by permission of Allah, and as serving to confirm previous revelations and to provide guidance and good tidings to the believers. The verses also emphasize the clarity of the verses revealed to the Prophet and suggest that only the defiantly disobedient would deny them.
The angels and the Spirit will ascend to Him during a Day the extent of which is fifty thousand years.
The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.
- In this passage, the angels are referred to as supernatural beings created by Allah to serve as His messengers and carry out His commands. They are considered a part of the unseen world and are believed to have various roles, such as recording good and bad deeds, serving as protectors and guides, etc. On the other hand, the Holy Spirit is described as the power of Archangel Gabriel, but it is not a separate entity from Gabriel. In the Qur’an 97:4, the Spirit is described as descending with the permission of Allah, implying obedience to Allah so the Holy Spirit is not considered to be a separate power in his own right. Gabriel is considered one of the most prominent and important angels in Islam and is responsible for communicating Allah’s revelations to the prophets, including the Prophet Muhammad.
And We did certainly give Moses the Torah and followed up after him with messengers. And We gave Jesus, the son of Mary, clear proofs and supported him with the Holy Spirit. But is it [not] that every time a messenger came to you, [O Children of Israel], with what your souls did not desire, you were arrogant? And a party [of messengers] you denied and another party you killed.
Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.
- Jesus was supported by the Holy Spirit. In Islam, the Holy Spirit, or “Ruh Al-Qudus” in Arabic, is one of the names of the Angel Gabriel, who was sent by Allah to reveal the message of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad. In other religious traditions, such as Christianity, the Holy Spirit is often understood as a divine person who works to bring about salvation and spiritual renewal.
By the star when it descends, Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred, Nor does he speak from [his own] inclination. It is not but a revelation revealed, Taught to him by one intense in strength – One of soundness. And he rose to [his] true form, While he was in the higher [part of the] horizon. Then he approached and descended, And was at a distance of two bow lengths or nearer. And he revealed to His Servant what he revealed, The heart did not lie [about] what it saw, So will you dispute with him over what he saw?
- These verses are from the 53rd chapter of the Quran, referred to as “The Star” (An-Najm). These verses describe the revelation of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad through the angel Gabriel and he saw the angel Gabriel during the revelation of the Quran, The verses emphasize that the Prophet did not speak on his own accord but rather received the message from a powerful source and that what he saw was real and should not be disputed.
Indeed, the Qur’an is a word [conveyed by] a noble messenger [ Gabriel Quran 53:1-13 ] – [Who is] possessed of power and with the Owner of the Throne, secure [in position], Obeyed there [in the heavens] and trustworthy [ Quran 26:193 ], And your companion is not [at all] mad, And he has already seen [Gabriel] in the clear horizon. And [Muhammad] is not a withholder of [knowledge of] the unseen. And the Qur’an is not the word of a devil, expelled [from the heavens].
- These verses from Surah Al-Takweer in the Quran describe the Qur’an as a message from a noble messenger, Gabriel, who is powerful and secure in position with the owner of the throne. The verse also states that the companion of Prophet Muhammad, is not insane and Prophet Muhammad has seen Gabriel in the clear horizon. Additionally, it emphasizes that the Qur’an is not the word of a devil, but rather a message from a trustworthy source.
Indeed, the Qur’an is the word of a noble Messenger, And it is not the word of a poet; little do you believe. [It is] a revelation from the Lord of the worlds.
- The phrase “Qur’an is the word of a noble Messenger” means that the Qur’an is a message from a highly honored and respected Messenger of Allah. In Islamic tradition, this Messenger is Archangel Gabriel who was chosen by Allah to convey the message of the Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad, The Qur’an is therefore considered to be the direct word of Allah as revealed to Prophet Muhammad by the Holy Spirit. This phrase highlights the divine origin.
If you two [wives] repent to Allah , [it is best], for your hearts have deviated. But if you cooperate against him – then indeed Allah is his protector, and Gabriel and the righteous of the believers and the angels, moreover, are [his] assistants.
And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east. And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then We sent to her Our Spirit/Angel [i.e., Gabriel], and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man. And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. He said, “I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy [i.e., son].She said, “How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?”He said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.
And [mention] the one who guarded her chastity, so We blew into her [garment] through Our Spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for the worlds.
- The spirit mentioned in this verse is the Archangel Gabriel, In this passage, Gabriel is the Holy Spirit, possessing power that has been granted by God, similar to a superhero. The verse indicates that Gabriel embodies the Holy Spirit and employs this power with God’s authorization, This power is not separate from Gabriel, but rather an manifestation of it. Thus, Gabriel himself embodies the Holy Spirit. These references can be found in Quran 2:97-99, Quran 16:102, and Quran 26:193.
Releted: Who is the Holy Spirit in Bible
Reference to the ‘Holy Spirit’ in the Sunnah
📖Sahih Muslim 2490
A’isha reported that: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying to Hassin: Verily Ruh-ul- Qudus would continue to help you so long as you put up a defence on behalf of Allah and His Messenger.
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is quoted as saying that the Holy Spirit (Ruh-ul-Qudus) will continue to assist and support Hassin so long as he defends and upholds the cause of Allah and the Prophet.
📖Sahih al-Bukhari 453
Narrated Hassan bin Thabit Al-Ansari:
I asked Abu Huraira “By Allah! Tell me the truth whether you heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying, ‘O Hassan! Reply on behalf of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ). O Allah! Help him with the Holy Spirit.” Abu Huraira said, “Yes .
The majority of scholars said that this refers to Gabriel (peace be upon him), and that Allah called him al-Ruh al-Ameen, Ruh al-Qudus and Gabriel.
The Holy Spirit is Creation of God
Say, “Who is Lord of the heavens and earth?” Say, ” Allah .” Say, “Have you then taken besides Him allies not possessing [even] for themselves any benefit or any harm?” Say, “Is the blind equivalent to the seeing? Or is darkness equivalent to light? Or have they attributed to Allah partners who created like His creation so that the creation [of each] seemed similar to them?” Say, ” Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Prevailing.
- This phrase means that Allah is the sole creator of everything in the universe, and that He has complete control and dominance over all of creation. The phrase “the One, the Prevailing” emphasizes Allah’s superiority and dominance over all things.
📖Riyad as-Salihin 1846
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Angels were created from light, jinns were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and ‘Adam was created from that which you have been told (i.e., sounding clay like the clay of pottery).
Gabriel both an angel and a holy spirit. In Islamic tradition, Gabriel is an angel who was sent by Allah to reveal the message of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad. As such, he is considered a messenger of Allah and is respected and venerated as a holy figure. At the same time, the term “holy spirit” is used to refer to Gabriel in Islamic writings, reflecting his role as a bringer of divine revelation and guidance, Gabriel is considered one of the most prominent and powerful Archangel in the hierarchy of angels.
As interpreted to refer to the Archangel Gabriel. The term Rūḥ al-Qudus is also an epithet referring to the Archangel Gabriel, who is related as the Angel of revelation and was assigned by God to reveal the Qurʼan to the prophet Muhammad and who delivered the Annunciation to Mary. In the two suras in which the Qur’an refers to the angel Gabriel, it does so by name.(Quran 2:97–98, Quran 66:4 ) However, some ahadith and parts of the Qurʼan support to the alternative view. This is not limited only to the Messiah; others were also supported in this way. The Holy Spirit Gabriel, and other angels are different in their nature and functions.