Hadith on Adam: The Equality of Humanity in Islam

📖Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3955
Narrated Abu Hurairah: that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “People should stop boasting about their fathers who have died, while they are but coals of Hell, or they will be more humiliated with Allah than the dung beetle who rolls dung with his nose. Indeed Allah has removed the pride of Jahiliyyah from you, and its boasting about lineage. [Indeed a person is either] a pious believer, or a miserable sinner. And people are all the children of Adam, and Adam was [created] from dust.”
  • This hadith from Jami` at-Tirmidhi, narrated by Abu Hurairah, highlights the Islamic perspective on pride and boasting about one’s lineage. It emphasizes that people should not boast about their deceased fathers, as such pride is insignificant and can lead to humiliation before Allah. The hadith condemns the pre-Islamic practice of Jahiliyyah, which refers to the period of ignorance and unbelief before the advent of Islam. During that time, people used to take pride in their ancestry, lineage, and tribal affiliations, which often led to discrimination and social divisions. Islam came to eradicate such practices and promote equality among people, irrespective of their lineage or social status. By stating that people are either pious believers or miserable sinners, the hadith emphasizes that one’s righteousness and character are the defining factors that truly matter in the sight of Allah. Islam does not recognize any superiority based on race, caste, or lineage. All human beings are equal and are considered the children of Adam, who was created from dust. Therefore, this hadith serves as a reminder that Islam rejects racism, caste systems, and any form of discrimination based on lineage. It promotes the idea that true honor and distinction come from piety, good deeds, and devotion to Allah, rather than any inherited or social status.