Hadith on Character: Nature of virtue and vice

📖Sahih Muslim 2553 a
Nawwas b. Sam’an al-Ansari reported: I asked Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) about virtue and vice. He said: Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your heart and that you disapprove that people should come to know of it.

  • This hadith from Sahih Muslim 2553a conveys a message about the nature of virtue and vice according to the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). According to the hadith, virtue is characterized by a kind and benevolent disposition. This means that a virtuous person is someone who demonstrates kindness, compassion, and generosity towards others. Such a person strives to do good and be helpful to those around them. On the other hand, vice is described as something that rankles in one’s heart, meaning it causes inner turmoil and distress. The hadith also notes that vice is something that a person disapproves of others knowing about, indicating that it may involve secretive or deceptive behavior.

Overall, this hadith emphasizes the importance of cultivating a kind and benevolent nature, while avoiding behaviors that cause inner turmoil and go against the principles of honesty and integrity.