Hadith on Guardianship: Accountability and Responsibility in Islam

📖Sahih al-Bukhari 2751
Narrated Ibn `Umar: I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “All of you are guardians and responsible for your charges: the Ruler (i.e. Imam) is a guardian and responsible for his subjects; and a man is a guardian of his family and is responsible for his charges; and a lady is a guardian in the house of her husband and is responsible for her charge; and a servant is a guardian of the property of his master and is responsible for his charge.” I think he also said, “And a man is a guardian of the property of his father.”

From this hadith (Sahih al-Bukhari 2751), we can learn the following key points:

  1. Each individual has responsibilities and is accountable for fulfilling those responsibilities.
  2. The ruler or leader (Imam) has a duty to govern and take care of their subjects.
  3. A man has the responsibility to take care of and provide for his family.
  4. A woman has the role of taking care of her household and fulfilling her responsibilities as a wife.
  5. A servant has the duty to protect and manage the property entrusted to them by their master.
  6. Children have the responsibility to safeguard and manage the property of their father.
  7. This hadith emphasizes the concept of guardianship and the importance of fulfilling one’s obligations towards those under their care.
  8. It highlights the need for accountability and the understanding that everyone has a role to play in their respective positions.
  9. It promotes the idea of personal responsibility and the significance of fulfilling one’s duties in various relationships and roles.
  10. The hadith teaches the importance of trustworthiness and the proper management of entrusted responsibilities.

Additional Information

Islam teaches that each person has been endowed with free will and the ability to discern between right and wrong. This capacity to choose is a gift from Allah, granting humans the autonomy to make moral decisions in accordance with their beliefs and values. However, Islam also emphasizes that humans will ultimately be accountable for their choices and actions. On the Day of Judgment, every individual will be judged based on their intentions, actions, and the consequences of those actions. This concept of accountability ensures that justice prevails, as individuals will receive their just rewards or punishments based on their own deeds.