📖Sahih Muslim 1910
It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite. ‘Abdullah b. Mubarak said: We think the hadith pertained to the time of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ).
- This hadith from Sahih Muslim 1910, narrated by Abu Huraira, reports that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stated: “One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire or determination for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite.” Abdullah b. Mubarak added that they believe this hadith was specifically relevant during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In this context, “fighting in the way of Allah” refers to engaging in armed combat against injustice, oppression, and aggression. It includes defending oneself, one’s community, and the principles of justice as sanctioned by Islamic teachings. The Qur’an encourages believers to fight in self-defense and for the preservation of justice. For example, in Surah Al-Hajj (22:39), it states, “Permission [to fight] has been given to those who are being fought, because they were wronged. And indeed, Allah is competent to give them victory.” However, it is crucial to understand that Jihad has a broader meaning beyond just physical combat. Jihad, in its comprehensive sense, encompasses various dimensions, including striving for personal improvement, spreading goodness, and upholding moral values. It includes both internal and external struggles for the sake of Allah. This can include acts of charity, assisting the poor and needy, promoting social justice, advocating for human rights, spreading knowledge, and engaging in peaceful dialogue to uphold the truth. Therefore, while the hadith specifically mentions fighting in the way of Allah, it is important to recognize that Jihad encompasses a wide range of efforts to establish justice, promote goodness, and enhance the welfare of individuals and society. It includes armed self-defense when necessary, but also emphasizes the importance of nonviolent means in striving for a just and righteous world.