📖Sunan Abi Dawud 3052
Narrated A number of Companions of the Prophet: Safwan reported from a number of Companions of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) on the authority of their fathers who were relatives of each other. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Beware, if anyone wrongs a contracting man, or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyond his capacity, or takes from him anything without his consent, I shall plead for him on the Day of Judgment.
From this hadith (narration), we can learn the following:
- Protection of the rights of workers: The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) emphasized the importance of respecting the rights of those who enter into contractual agreements. It is prohibited to wrong them, diminish their rights, or force them to work beyond their capacity. This hadith highlights the significance of treating workers fairly and justly.
- Advocacy on the Day of Judgment: The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) assured that if someone mistreats a contracting man by violating their rights or exploiting them, he will personally intercede and plead on behalf of the victim on the Day of Judgment. This underscores the gravity of the issue and serves as a warning against oppressing or taking advantage of others.
- Importance of consent: The hadith also emphasizes the significance of obtaining consent in transactions or interactions. Taking anything from someone without their consent is considered wrongful and against the teachings of Islam. Consent plays a vital role in ensuring fairness and justice in human interactions.
Overall, this hadith serves as a reminder of the rights of workers, the importance of fair treatment, and the accountability of individuals who engage in unjust practices. It promotes a just and ethical approach to business transactions and interactions within society.