Hadith on Oaths: Prohibition of Swearing by Anything but Allah

📖Sunan Abi Dawud 3251
Sa’id ibn Ubaydah said: Ibn Umar heard a man swearing: No, I swear by the Ka’bah. Ibn Umar said to him: I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: He who swears by anyone but Allah is polytheist.

  • This hadith from Sunan Abi Dawud 3251 reports a saying of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as reported by Sa’id ibn Ubaydah from Ibn Umar. According to this hadith, if someone swears an oath by anything or anyone other than Allah, it is considered an act of polytheism (shirk). Swearing in the name of Allah is considered a sacred act in Islam, and Muslims are encouraged to take oaths by His name only in serious matters where the truthfulness of the statement is of utmost importance. This is because taking an oath by Allah’s name is a sign of one’s fear and respect for Allah and the importance of the matter at hand. Swearing by anything other than Allah is considered an act of polytheism because it implies giving some power or authority to something other than Allah, which is not in line with Islamic monotheism.

In summary, this hadith is a reminder to Muslims that when they swear an oath, they should do so only by Allah, as He is the only one worthy of such an honorific gesture. Swearing by Allah’s name is seen as a way of attesting to the truthfulness of a statement and is reserved for serious matters where the importance of the matter and the fear of Allah are taken into consideration.