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Hadith on Rewards: Freewill in Islam Intention and Action

📖Sahih Muslim 131 a
It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) transmitted it from the Blessed and Great Lord: Verily Allah recorded the good and the evil and then made it clear that he who intended good but did not do it, Allah recorded one complete good in his favour, but if he intended it and also did it, the Glorious and Great Allah recorded ten to seven hundred virtues and even more to his credit. But it he intended evil, but did not commit it, Allah wrote down full one good in his favour. If he intended that and also committed it, Allah made an entry of one evil against him.

  • This hadith is a narrated in Sahih Muslim, highlights the importance of intention and action in our lives. According to the hadith, Allah records both our good and evil deeds, and the extent of the reward or punishment we receive depends on our intentions and actions. The hadith emphasizes that if someone intends to do a good deed but is unable to do it, Allah still rewards them for their intention with one complete good deed. However, if they not only intend but also perform the good deed, they are rewarded with ten to seven hundred or even more virtues. Similarly, if someone intends to do an evil deed but refrains from doing it, Allah still rewards them with one complete good deed. But if they intend and commit the evil deed, then Allah records one evil against them. This hadith emphasizes the concept of freewill, as it highlights that humans have the ability to choose between good and evil. It is up to us to decide our actions and intentions, and Allah will judge us based on our choices. Therefore, this hadith encourages us to strive to do good deeds and to refrain from evil actions.