We send down rain from the sky in perfect measure, causing it to soak into the earth. And We are surely able to take it away.
- The process described in the Quranic verse 23:18 regarding the process of rain and how it is distributed on Earth is scientifically correct. The Quran describes rain as being sent down from the sky in perfect measure and causing it to soak into the earth, which is in line with the scientific understanding of how precipitation works. Rain is formed when water vapor in the atmosphere cools and condenses into droplets, which then fall to the ground as precipitation. The amount of precipitation that falls is determined by a number of factors, including temperature, humidity, and air currents. Furthermore, the Quranic verse states that Allah is able to take away the rain when He wills, which is also scientifically accurate. The water cycle, which includes the process of evaporation, precipitation, and runoff, is a natural process that is controlled by various factors such as temperature, humidity, and atmospheric conditions. This natural process is not dependent on human intervention, and water can be taken away by natural means such as evaporation or runoff.
In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of night and day; in the ships that sail the oceans for the benefit of mankind; In the water which Allah sent down from the Heavens and brought with it life to Earth after being dead and gave life in it to every kind of land animal; And in directing the winds; And in the clouds that are enslaved between the Heavens and the Earth; [All these] are Signs for a people who comprehend.
The statement about water in the verse is scientifically correct. The verse refers to water as being sent down from the heavens and bringing life to the earth after being dead, which is consistent with current understanding of the water cycle and the role of water in sustaining life on earth. Water is essential for all forms of life, and its presence is a critical factor in the development and maintenance of ecosystems. The water cycle involves the movement of water between the atmosphere, land, and oceans, and it plays a crucial role in regulating the earth’s climate and weather patterns. The Quranic statement about the life-giving properties of water is consistent with scientific understanding of the essential role that water plays in sustaining life on earth.
Do you not see that Allah drives clouds? Then He brings them together, then He makes them into a mass, and you see the rain emerge from within it. And He sends down from the sky, mountains [of clouds] within which is hail, and He strikes with it whom He wills and averts it from whom He wills. The flash of its lightening almost takes away the eyesight.
- This verse mentions that Allah drives the clouds, brings them together, and forms them into a mass, which is a metaphorical way of describing the process of cloud formation and aggregation. The verse then goes on to describe how rain emerges from within the cloud mass, which is scientifically accurate as rain is formed through the process of condensation within clouds, additionally, the verse also mentions that Allah sends down from the sky mountains within which is hail, and He strikes with it whom He wills and averts it from whom He wills. This is a metaphorical way of describing the occurrence of thunderstorms, which can be accompanied by hailstones. The verse also mentions that the flash of lightning can almost take away the eyesight, which is also scientifically accurate as lightning can be very bright and cause temporary blindness.
- Comets, trans-Neptunian objects, or water-rich meteoroids (protoplanets) from the outer reaches of the asteroid belt colliding with Earth may have brought water to the world’s oceans. Asteroids may have been primarily responsible based on several studies, including measurements of the ratio of the hydrogen isotopes deuterium and protium, since similar percentage impurities as in carbon-rich chondrites were found in oceanic water, whereas previous measurement of the isotopes’ concentrations in comets and trans-Neptunian objects correspond only slightly to water on Earth. In January 2018, researchers reported that two 4.5 billion-year-old meteorites found on Earth contained liquid water alongside a wide diversity of deuterium-poor organic matter.
Reference: Origin of water on Earth, 2019
Overall, the Quran provides several references to the importance of water and its role in the creation and sustenance of life on Earth, as well as the power and control of Allah over the natural world. It is also important to note that The Quran is considered to be a book of signs or “ayahs” by Muslims. The word “ayah” literally means “a sign” or “a miracle” in Arabic. The Quran is believed to contain many signs or miracles, which can be seen as both literal and metaphorical. These signs are believed to provide evidence of the Quran’s divine origin and to serve as guidance for those who read it. Muslims believe that the Quran contains a variety of signs and miracles, such as the creation of the universe, the formation of the human being, and the stories of the prophets.