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The Qur’an is the word of Allah, Heavenly Quran

The Heavenly Quran (Arabic: أمّ الکتاب, romanized: umm al-kitāb, lit. ’mother of the Book, according to a common Islamic belief, is a primordial version of the Quran.

Quranic verses 43:4 and 13:39 referred to “mother of the book” (umm al-kitab); verse 85:22 refers to a “well-guarded tablet” (lawh mahfuz) and 56:78 to a “concealed book” (kitab maknun). Revelation of the Quran is described as being “sent down” in verse 17:105

With the truth we (God/Allah) have sent it down and with the truth it has come down.

It is also called kalam allah — the word of God — and to most Muslims is eternal and uncreated attribute of God, as opposed to something written or created by God. The Quran that resides in heaven is distinct from the earthly Quran. Quran 13:39/Quran 43:4 It is disputed whether the revealed Quran is a precise copy of the Heavenly Quran or an abridged version. Commonly, Injil and the Islamic notion of Torah are thought to be part of the Heavenly Quran.

📖Quran 39:1
Sahih International
The revelation of the Qur’an is from Allah , the Exalted in Might, the Wise, Indeed, We have sent down to you the Book, [O Muhammad], in truth. So worship Allah , [being] sincere to Him in religion.

📖Quran 42:52
And thus We have revealed to you a Spirit of Our Command. In no way did you realize what the Book was, nor the belief; but We have made it a Light, whereby We guide whomever We decide of Our bondmen. And surely you indeed guide to a straight Path.

📖Quran 42:3-4
And so you ˹O Prophet˺ are sent revelation, just like those before you, by Allah—the Almighty, All-Wise. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and He is the Most High, the Most Great.

📖Quran 4:174
Sahih International
O mankind, there has come to you a conclusive proof from your Lord, and We have sent down to you a clear light.

📖Quran 33:40
Sahih International
Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah , of all things, Knowing.

📖Quran 6:113-114
And [it is] so the hearts of those who disbelieve in the Hereafter will incline toward it and that they will be satisfied with it and that they will commit that which they are committing, [Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters.

📖Quran 2:2
Sahih International
This is the Book about which there is no doubt, a guidance for those conscious of Allah –

📖Quran 13:39
Sahih International
Allah eliminates what He wills or confirms, and with Him is the Mother of the Book.

📖Quran 56:77- 79
Indeed, it is a noble Qur’an – In a Register well-protected – None touch it except the purified.

📖Quran 43:4
And indeed it is, in the Mother of the Book with Us, exalted and full of wisdom

📖Quran 85:8-16
Sahih International
And they resented them not except because they believed in Allah , the Exalted in Might, the Praiseworthy, To whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. And Allah , over all things, is Witness, Indeed, those who have tortured the believing men and believing women and then have not repented will have the punishment of Hell, and they will have the punishment of the Burning Fire, Indeed, those who have believed and done righteous deeds will have gardens beneath which rivers flow. That is the great attainment, Indeed, the vengeance of your Lord is severe. Indeed, it is He who originates [creation] and repeats, And He is the Forgiving, the Affectionate, Honorable Owner of the Throne, Effecter of what He intends.

📖Quran 85:17-20
Has there reached you the story of the soldiers – [Those of] Pharaoh and Thamud? But they who disbelieve are in [persistent] denial, While Allah encompasses them from behind.

📖Quran 85:21-22
But this is an honored Qur’an – [Inscribed] in a Preserved Slate.

📖Quran 7:143
Sahih International
And when Moses arrived at Our appointed time and his Lord spoke to him, he said, “My Lord, show me [Yourself] that I may look at You.” [ Allah ] said, “You will not see Me, but look at the mountain; if it should remain in place, then you will see Me.” But when his Lord appeared to the mountain, He rendered it level, and Moses fell unconscious. And when he awoke, he said, “Exalted are You! I have repented to You, and I am the first of the believers.

📖Quran 5:46
Then in the footsteps of the prophets, We sent Jesus, son of Mary, confirming the Torah revealed before him. And We gave him the Gospel containing guidance and light and confirming what was revealed in the Torah—a guide and a lesson to the God-fearing.

📖Quran 17:105
Sahih International
And with the truth We have sent the Qur’an down, and with the truth it has descended. And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a bringer of good tidings and a warner.

📖Quran 17:81
And say, “Truth has come, and falsehood has departed. Indeed is falsehood, [by nature], ever bound to depart,

📖Quran 17:82
And We send down of the Qur’an that which is healing and mercy for the believers, but it does not increase the wrongdoers except in loss.

📖Quran 15:9
It is certainly We Who have revealed the Reminder, and it is certainly We Who will preserve it.

📖Quran 4:136
O believers! Have faith in Allah, His Messenger, the Book He has revealed to His Messenger, and the Scriptures He revealed before. Indeed, whoever denies Allah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, and the Last Day has clearly gone far astray.

📖Quran 29:51
Sahih International
And is it not sufficient for them that We revealed to you the Book which is recited to them? Indeed in that is a mercy and reminder for a people who believe.

📖Quran 29:49
Sahih International
Rather, the Qur’an is distinct verses [preserved] within the breasts of those who have been given knowledge. And none reject Our verses except the wrongdoers.

📖Quran 17:88
Sahih International
Say, “If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants.

📖Quran 4:82
Sahih International
Then do they not reflect upon the Qur’an? If it had been from [any] other than Allah , they would have found within it much contradiction.

📖Quran 80:13-16
Sahih International
[It is recorded] in honored sheets, Exalted and purified, [Carried] by the hands of messenger-angels, Noble and dutiful.

📖Quran 98:1-3
Sahih International
Those who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture and the polytheists were not to be parted [from misbelief] until there came to them clear evidence – A Messenger from Allah , reciting purified scriptures – Within which are correct writings.

📖Quran 6:90
Sahih International
Those are the ones whom Allah has guided, so from their guidance take an example. Say, “I ask of you for this message no payment. It is not but a reminder for the worlds.

📖Quran 98:4-8
Nor did those who were given the Scripture become divided until after there had come to them clear evidence – And they were not commanded except to worship Allah , [being] sincere to Him in religion, inclining to truth, and to establish prayer and to give zakah. And that is the correct religion – Indeed, they who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture and the polytheists will be in the fire of Hell, abiding eternally therein. Those are the worst of creatures. Indeed, they who have believed and done righteous deeds – those are the best of creatures – Their reward with Allah will be gardens of perpetual residence beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, Allah being pleased with them and they with Him. That is for whoever has feared his Lord.

📖Quran 27:15
Sahih International
And We had certainly given to David and Solomon knowledge, and they said, “Praise [is due] to Allah , who has favored us over many of His believing servants.

📖Quran 2:253
Sahih International
Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.

📖Quran 34:31
Sahih International
And those who disbelieve say, “We will never believe in this Qur’an nor in that before it.” But if you could see when the wrongdoers are made to stand before their Lord, refuting each other’s words… Those who were oppressed will say to those who were arrogant, “If not for you, we would have been believers.

📖Quran 42:5-7
The heavens almost break from above them, and the angels exalt [ Allah ] with praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on earth. Unquestionably, it is Allah who is the Forgiving, the Merciful – And those who take as allies other than Him – Allah is [yet] Guardian over them; and you, [O Muhammad], are not over them a manager. And thus We have revealed to you an Arabic Qur’an that you may warn the Mother of Cities [Makkah] and those around it and warn of the Day of Assembly, about which there is no doubt. A party will be in Paradise and a party in the Blaze.

📖Quran 42:51
Sahih International
And it is not for any human being that Allah should speak to him except by revelation or from behind a partition or that He sends a messenger to reveal, by His permission, what He wills. Indeed, He is Most High and Wise.

📖Quran 42:8-10
And if Allah willed, He could have made them [of] one religion, but He admits whom He wills into His mercy. And the wrongdoers have not any protector or helper – Or have they taken protectors [or allies] besides him? But Allah – He is the Protector, and He gives life to the dead, and He is over all things competent – And in anything over which you disagree – its ruling is [to be referred] to Allah . [Say], “That is Allah , my Lord; upon Him I have relied, and to Him I turn back.

📖Quran 42:13-14
He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Noah and that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what We enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus – to establish the religion and not be divided therein. Difficult for those who associate others with Allah is that to which you invite them. Allah chooses for Himself whom He wills and guides to Himself whoever turns back [to Him] – And they did not become divided until after knowledge had come to them – out of jealous animosity between themselves. And if not for a word that preceded from your Lord [postponing the penalty] until a specified time, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, those who were granted inheritance of the Scripture after them are, concerning it, in disquieting doubt.

📖Quran 42:11
Sahih International
[He is] Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.

📖Quran 43:46-48
And certainly did We send Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his establishment, and he said, “Indeed, I am the messenger of the Lord of the worlds, But when he brought them Our signs, at once they laughed at them. And We showed them not a sign except that it was greater than its sister, and We seized them with affliction that perhaps they might return [to faith].

📖Quran 43:49-54
And they said [to Moses], “O magician, invoke for us your Lord by what He has promised you. Indeed, we will be guided, But when We removed from them the affliction, at once they broke their word. And Pharaoh called out among his people; he said, “O my people, does not the kingdom of Egypt belong to me, and these rivers flowing beneath me; then do you not see? Or am I [not] better than this one who is insignificant and hardly makes himself clear? Then why have there not been placed upon him bracelets of gold or come with him the angels in conjunction?” So he bluffed his people, and they obeyed him. Indeed, they were [themselves] a people defiantly disobedient [of Allah ].

📖Quran 43:55-56
And when they angered Us, We took retribution from them and drowned them all. And We made them a precedent and an example for the later peoples.

📖Quran 43:57
And when the son of Mary was presented as an example, immediately your people laughed aloud – And they said, “Are our gods better, or is he?” They did not present the comparison except for [mere] argument. But, [in fact], they are a people prone to dispute.

📖Quran 4:157-4:158
And for their saying, “We have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the Messenger of God. In fact, they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them as if they did. Indeed, those who differ about him are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it, except the following of assumptions. Certainly, they did not kill him. Rather, God raised him up to Himself. God is Mighty and Wise.

📖Quran 3:55
˹Remember˺ when Allah said, “O Jesus! I will take you1 and raise you up to Myself. I will deliver you from those who disbelieve, and elevate your followers above the disbelievers until the Day of Judgment. Then to Me you will ˹all˺ return, and I will settle all your disputes.

Footnote (1) Verse 3:55

Mutawaffîka’ means literally: “I will make you reach the end of your worldly term.” The popular Muslim belief is that a conspiracy was made to kill Jesus. Allah made the main culprit who betrayed Jesus look exactly like Jesus, while the culprit was crucified. Similar to Christians, Muslims believe in the second coming of Jesus (ﷺ).

Orginal Tafsir Verse 3:55

MEANING OF `TAKE YOU
Allah said,

﴿ إِنِّى مُتَوَفِّيكَ وَرَافِعُكَ إِلَىَّ ﴾
(I will take you and raise you to Myself) while you are asleep. Allah said in a similar Ayat,

﴿ وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى يَتَوَفَّٮٰڪُم بِٱلَّيۡلِ ﴾
(It is He Who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep).) (6:60), and,

﴿ ٱللَّهُ يَتَوَفَّى ٱلۡأَنفُسَ حِينَ مَوۡتِهَا وَٱلَّتِى لَمۡ تَمُتۡ فِى مَنَامِهَا‌ۖ ﴾
(It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep.) (39:42).

The Messenger of Allah used to recite the following words when he would awaken;

« الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي أَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا أَمَاتَنَا، وَإِلَيْهِ النُّشُور »
(All the thanks are due to Allah Who brought us back to life after He had caused us to die (sleep), and the Return is to Him).

Allah said,

﴿ وَبِكُفۡرِهِمۡ وَقَوۡلِهِمۡ عَلَىٰ مَرۡيَمَ بُہۡتَـٰنًا عَظِيمً۬ا • وَقَوۡلِهِمۡ إِنَّا قَتَلۡنَا ٱلۡمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ٱبۡنَ مَرۡيَمَ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَـٰكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُمۡ‌ۚ ﴾
(And because of their disbelief and allegations against Maryam and because of their saying “We killed Al-Masih `Isa, son of Maryam, the Messenger of Allah, ـ but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but it appeared that way to them) until,

﴿ وَقَوۡلِهِمۡ إِنَّا قَتَلۡنَا ٱلۡمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ٱبۡنَ مَرۡيَمَ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَـٰكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُمۡ‌ۚ وَإِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱخۡتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ لَفِى شَكٍّ۬ مِّنۡهُ‌ۚ مَا لَهُم بِهِۦ مِنۡ عِلۡمٍ إِلَّا ٱتِّبَاعَ ٱلظَّنِّ‌ۚ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينَۢا • بَل رَّفَعَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِلَيۡهِ‌ۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمً۬ا ﴾
﴿ وَإِن مِّنۡ أَهۡلِ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ إِلَّا لَيُؤۡمِنَنَّ بِهِۦ قَبۡلَ مَوۡتِهِۦ‌ۖ وَيَوۡمَ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ يَكُونُ عَلَيۡہِمۡ شَہِيدً۬ا ﴾
(For surely; they killed him not But Allah raised him up unto Himself. And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise. And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) but must believe in him before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection, he (`Isa) will be a witness against them.) (4:156-159)

`His death’ refers to `Isa, and the Ayah means that the People of the Book will believe in `Isa, before `Isa dies. This will occur when `Isa comes back to this world before the Day of Resurrection, as we will explain. By that time, all the People of the Book will believe in `Isa, for he will annul the Jizyah and he will only accept Islam from people. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Al-Hasan said that Allah’s statement,

﴿ إِنِّى مُتَوَفِّيكَ ﴾
(I will take you) is in reference to sleep, for Allah raised `Isa while he was asleep.

Future sens

Quran 4:159
There is not one of the People of the Scripture but will believe in him before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them.

📖Quran 6:115-117
And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing, And if you obey most of those upon the earth, they will mislead you from the way of Allah . They follow not except assumption, and they are not but falsifying, Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who strays from His way, and He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided.

📖Quran 2:130
And who would be averse to the religion of Abraham except one who makes a fool of himself. And We had chosen him in this world, and indeed he, in the Hereafter, will be among the righteous.

📖Quran 2:132
And Abraham instructed his sons [to do the same] and [so did] Jacob, [saying], “O my sons, indeed Allah has chosen for you this religion, so do not die except while you are Muslims.

📖Quran 3:102
O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him].