Surely, your Lord is Allah who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He positioned himself on the Throne. He covers the day with the night that pursues it swiftly. He created the sun and the moon and the stars, subjugated to His command. Lo! To Him alone belong the creation and the command. Glorious is Allah, the Lord of all the worlds.
And you see the mountains, thinking them rigid, while they will pass as the passing of clouds. [It is] the work of Allah , who perfected all things. Indeed, He is Acquainted with that which you do.
- In these verses, the rotation of the earth is indirectly referred to through the description of the alternation of day and night, as well as the movement of the sun and the moon. Quran 7:25 states that Allah covers the day with the night, which pursues it swiftly, indicating the Earth’s rotation that causes the alternation of day and night. Similarly, Quran 29:5 describes the subjugation of the sun and the moon, which run their course for a specified term, suggesting their movement across the sky as a result of the Earth’s rotation.
He created the heavens and earth in truth. He wraps the night over the day and wraps the day over the night and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running [its course] for a specified term. Unquestionably, He is the Exalted in Might, the Perpetual Forgiver.
- This Veres refers to the creation of the heavens and the earth in truth, and the various natural phenomena that occur as a result of Allah’s power and authority. The verse mentions that Allah has wrapped the night over the day and the day over the night, indicating the alternation of day and night that occurs due to the Earth’s rotation. The verse also describes how Allah has subjected the sun and the moon to His command, causing them to run their course for a specified term, which is also a reference to the movement of these celestial bodies across the sky as a result of the Earth’s rotation. Overall, the verse highlights the grandeur and majesty of Allah’s creation and emphasizes His power and control over the universe.
- Earth rotates once in about 24 hours with respect to the Sun, but once every 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4 seconds with respect to other distant stars (see below). Earth’s rotation is slowing slightly with time.
Reference : Earth’s rotation
Sunlight falls only on one side of the Earth. This side of the planet will be experiencing daylight. Because the Earth is rotating, the opposite side of the Earth away from the Sun will be experiencing night. After some time, the part of the Earth experiencing daylight will experience night. Rotation of the Earth causes night and day to alternate.
Reference: Why do we have Day and Night?
The verses from the Quran (7:25, 27:88, and 29:5) are consistent with the scientific understanding that the Earth is not flat, but rather a sphere. In these verses, Allah is described as the Creator of the heavens and the Earth, and the subjugator of the sun, moon, and stars, all of which are consistent with the scientific understanding of the universe. Additionally, the descriptions of the alternation of day and night, and the movement of the sun and moon, are only possible if the Earth is a sphere rotating on its axis and orbiting the sun. Thus, these verses support the idea that the Earth is not flat, but rather a spherical object.
Overall These verses from the Quran accurately describe the Earth’s rotation, as well as other astronomical phenomena such as the creation of the heavens and the earth, the movement of the sun, moon, and stars, and the passing of the mountains like the passing of clouds. The Quran also emphasizes the power and authority of Allah as the creator and ruler of the universe.