📖Sahih al-Bukhari 1377
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) used to invoke (Allah): “Allahumma ini a`udhu bika min ‘adhabi-l-Qabr, wa min ‘adhabi-nnar, wa min fitnati-l-mahya wa-lmamat, wa min fitnati-l-masih ad-dajjal. (O Allah! I seek refuge with you from the punishment in the grave and from the punishment in the Hell fire and from the afflictions of life and death, and the afflictions of Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal.”
This Hadith is a narration of a supplication made by Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), which he used to make regularly. The supplication seeks refuge in Allah from four types of afflictions and punishments.
- The first is the punishment of the grave. According to Islamic belief, after a person dies, they will be placed in the grave, and there will be a questioning and reckoning period. The supplication seeks Allah’s protection from the punishment that might befall a person during this time.
- The second is the punishment of Hellfire. Hell is a place of punishment for those who disobeyed Allah’s commands during their lifetime. The supplication seeks Allah’s protection from being thrown into Hellfire.
- The third is the afflictions of life and death. This includes various hardships and difficulties that a person might face during their lifetime, such as sickness, poverty, and other trials. The supplication seeks Allah’s protection from these afflictions.
- The fourth is the afflictions caused by Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal. In Islamic eschatology, Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal is a false messiah who will appear towards the end of time and will try to deceive people. The supplication seeks Allah’s protection from the trials and tribulations caused by Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal.
Overall, the supplication is a reminder that a person needs Allah’s protection from all types of afflictions and punishments, both in this life and the hereafter.