📖Sahih al-Bukhari 1950
Narrated `Aisha: Sometimes I missed some days of Ramadan, but could not fast in lieu of them except in the month of Sha’ban.” Said Yahya, a sub-narrator, “She used to be busy serving the Prophet (ﷺ) .”
From this hadith, we can learn a few things:
- The importance of making up missed fasts: Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) missed some days of Ramadan but was unable to make them up immediately. However, she made up for them in the month of Sha’ban, which is the month preceding Ramadan. This teaches us that if we miss fasting during Ramadan due to a valid reason, we should make up for those missed fasts as soon as possible.
- The permissibility of making up missed fasts in Sha’ban: Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) specifically mentioned that she made up her missed fasts in the month of Sha’ban. This indicates that it is permissible to make up for missed fasts outside of the month of Ramadan, as long as they are made up before the next Ramadan begins.
- Prioritizing religious obligations: The reason Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) missed some fasts was because she was busy serving the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). This highlights the importance of fulfilling one’s religious obligations while also attending to other responsibilities. Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) was diligent in her service to the Prophet (peace be upon him) but also made sure to make up her missed fasts.
Overall, this hadith emphasizes the importance of making up missed fasts, the permissibility of doing so in the month of Sha’ban, and the need to prioritize and balance religious duties with other responsibilities.