Hadith on War: Upholding Ethical Values in Warfare

📖Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1408
Narrated Buraidah: from his father who said: “Whenever the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) dispatched a commander of an army he would exhort him personally; that he should have Taqwa of Allah, and regarding those of the Muslims who are with him; that he should be good to them. He would say: ‘Fight in the Name of Allah and in Allah’s curse. Fight those who disbelieve in Allah and fight, do not be treacherous, nor mutilate, nor kill a child.”

  • This narration from Jami` at-Tirmidhi emphasizes the importance of being mindful of Allah and treating fellow Muslims with kindness and respect, especially during times of warfare. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) personally exhorted commanders to uphold these values and to fight for the sake of Allah, not out of personal gain or desire for revenge. The instruction to fight in the name of Allah and in Allah’s curse is a reminder that the battle is not about personal vendettas or selfish agendas, but rather a righteous struggle to defend the faith and the Muslim community. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also cautioned against treachery, mutilation, and killing children, underscoring the need to adhere to moral and ethical principles even in the heat of battle. Overall, this narration highlights the Islamic principles of justice and compassion, and serves as a reminder that fighting is only permissible in self-defense or to protect innocent lives. It also emphasizes that Muslims must always strive to uphold the highest standards of conduct, even in the midst of conflict.

Does Islam Teach the Killing of Non-Muslims

Islam does not promote or condone the killing of non-Muslims. Instead, it teaches self-defense and fighting against those who pose a threat or attack Muslims or their communities. The Quran teaches Muslims to fight only in self-defense, and not to transgress or commit aggression. In fact, Islam emphasizes the importance of peaceful coexistence and encourages Muslims to treat non-Muslims with kindness and justice. The misconception that Islam promotes violence and killing of non-Muslims is a result of misinterpretations and misrepresentations of Islamic teachings.

Releted: Does Allah give permission in the Quran to kill Non-Muslims